Thursday, August 2, 2012

Chronic sinus infection: an overview

The sinus infection persisting over twelve (12) weeks is referred to as chronic sinus infection(chronic sinusitis). The symptoms of the infection may appear and disappear, ensuring intermittent relief. Some times, severity of the symptoms may also increase. The infection drains the patients completely. A Harvard University study showed that the symptoms might affect the quality of life of the patient more badly than that of the patient with congestive heart failure.
Many studies have confirmed that concurrent nasal airway inflammation always accompanies chronic sinusitis. The chronic infection follows rhinitis’ symptoms. Therefore, it is also called chronic rhino sinusitis (CRS). Injudicious use of antihistamines and antibiotics to treat sinus infections related to allergies also lead to development of chronic sinusitis symptoms.
Exacerbations of acute bacterial sinus infection may cause the chronic disorder. Other living organisms contributing to the infection are respiratory anaerobes and Staphylococci, such as Staphylococci aureus.

The signs and symptoms of the infection include:
  • Thick greenish yellow discharge in the throat’s rear part or from the nose
  • Nasal congestion or blockage leading to breathing problem
  • Swelling, pain and tenderness around forehead, cheeks, eyes or nose
  • Problem with sense of taste and smell
  • Pain in the ears, teeth, upper jaw
  • Cough worsening at night
  • Bad breath
  • Weariness
  • Nausea and / or sore throat
  • The inflammation secondary to chronic sinus infection causes toxicity.
  • In children, chronic sinus infection may cause headaches.
  • Chronic sinusitis may also alter the mucosa dramatically.

Herbs / natural remedies for chronic sinus infection
A number of herbs are used to treat the symptoms besides allopathic medicines. For instance, Sinupret herbal mixture, consisting of gentian root, European vervain, cowslip, common sorrel and European elder flowers, may relieve the symptoms. The mixture thins the mucus, enabling sinus drainage. The herbs also strengthen immune system so that the body can resist factors causing the infection. However, Sinupret has some side effects, such as gastric problems and rash on the skin. Consult the physician before using the mixture available in tablet form.
Extracts of olive leaf has antibacterial and antiviral properties that heal the sinus infection. Feverfew derived from Tanacetum parthenium plant may give relief from headache and fever associated with chronic sinusitis. Devil’s claw, known for pain relieving properties, may reduce the headache. Rutin reduces sinus inflammation, but has some adverse effects, like skin irritation and stomach problems.

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