Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Symptoms of Sinus Headaches

Symptoms of Sinus Headaches

Inflamed sinuses cause sinus headaches, which are generally confused with other types of headaches. For instance, vascular headache symptoms are similar to that of sinus headaches, causing confusion. Most of the people who believe that they have headache of the sinus origin are in fact suffer from vascular headaches. Therefore, consult the doctor to confirm that the headache is because of infected sinuses. Some of the common symptoms of the sinus headaches are explained below.

  • Constant, deep and dull pain in the sinus region, comprising bridge of the nose, forehead and cheekbones, denotes headaches. The pain, the main symptom of the headache, increases with straining, sudden movement of the head, leaning over or bending down. The pain may be accompanied by facial swelling, fever, fullness / sensation in the ears and nasal discharge. The pain may increase during damp and cold weather. Sudden changes in temperature further worsen the pain. The pain during sinus headaches feels like pressure. Sinus pain and other nasal signs may accompany the headache.



 

  • Intensity of pain may vary from person to person. It could range between minor nagging pain and unbearable pain that hinders normal sleep process.
  • The pain in the head may resemble to a tension headache.

 

  • Pressure sensation in affected area increases.
  • Local swelling, redness and tenderness in the facial area may occur.  Tenderness over the infected sinus is associated with sinus headaches.

 

  • The headaches generally occur in the morning and improve by afternoon. The pain is severe in the morning because of overnight mucus collection.
  • Symptoms associated with sinusitis, such as sore throat, postnasal drip, green or yellow discharge from the nose, nasal congestion, fever and fatigue may also appear.

 

  • In some cases, sinus headaches may not be accompanied by sinusitis signs.
  • Fever with sinus headache is a quite common sign.

 

  • Purulent or pus-like nasal discharge may lead to sinus headaches.
  • Rarely, sinus headaches may be associated with pain in the back or the top of the head.


 

  • Sinus headaches may be felt on both sides of the head or on either side of head.
  • Neck is generally not affected during the headache.

 

  • Feeling of ache in the upper teeth

 

  • Cold shivers
  • Coughing or throat irritations

 

  • Light-headedness
  • Achy muscles (myalgias)

 

  • Lymph nodes in the neck may swell.

Monday, September 19, 2011

8 Things You Should Know about Infections-Sinus

8 Things You Should Know about Infections-Sinus

Timely Examination

Germs may cause various types of skull infections. The infections-sinus, affecting air-filled spaces in the cranial bones, impact lives of millions of people across the world. To treat these infections, the sinuses should be examined well in time.




Cause of Infection

Allergies, bacteria, fungi, structural deformities and viruses trigger signs of sinus infections. Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus penumoniae bacteria are responsible for more than 65% of cases of acute sinusitis. Most of the patients suffering from extreme asthma conditions also suffer from chronic rhinosinuisitis. Numerous eosinophils, the white blood cells with strong inflammatory properties, reside in the tissues lining the nasal passages and the sinuses of the patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis, particularly the patients with polyps.

Appropriate Diagnosis

Distinguishing between infections-sinus and non-sinus infections is necessary for appropriate diagnosis that ensures timely healing. Identify cause of sinus infections, as different sinus symptoms require different therapies. For instance, viral sinusitis does not respond to antibiotics, whereas bacterial sinusitis may respond to a course of antibiotics. Acute sinusitis, a short-term disorder, lasts up to 28 days. However, chronic sinus infection may drag on until three months.


Do not Abuse Nasal Sprays

Nasal sprays give you quick relief from sinus infections. However, continuous and overuse of nasal sprays result in rebound congestion and addiction. Swelling of nasal lining may reappear even though infection signs might have subsided.

Do not Take Medicines without Prescription

Since some of the medicines used to treat sinus problems may react with other drugs, patients, especially those suffering from other diseases, should consult their doctor. During physical checkup, doctor will examine ear, nose and throat for accurate diagnosis. The doctor will also examine the face for redness and swelling if any.

When is Surgery Required?

If the best medications fail to cure the sinusitis, you may need surgery. With the help of doctor, you can choose from traditional and endoscopic surgeries.

Home Remedies

Warm compresses may relieve pain in the sinuses and the nose. Inhale steam, warm moist air, to clear sinus congestion. Use humidifiers with clean filters. Avoid contact with allergens and irritants causing signs of sinus infections.

Impact of Untreated Sinus Infections

Untreated sinus infections will cause discomfort and pain. The sinus infections may lead to bone infection or meningitis in rare cases. So, why take chances? Visit the doctor as and when symptoms appear.

Tuesday, September 13, 2011

How to Use Nasal Sprays Effectively

How to Use Nasal Sprays Effectively

Nasal sprays are available in pressurized canisters and pump bottles. The effects of the spray may be visible within two weeks of its use. Saline nasal spray therapy is generally un-medicated, but medicated sprays are also available. The main purpose of the spray is to moisturize the nostrils and the cilia. Properly moistened cilia, thus, can perform its function of flushing out mucus and bacteria easily. The saline spray is simple and effective method to clear out the sinuses and nose congestion. The spray can also be used for infants and children. Since no medication is added to these sprays, it is safe. The spray is affordable. However, effects of the spray are short-lived.  To maximize the benefits of nasal sprays, consider the following tips:






 

  • You should be able to sniff before using the spray. If you are unable to sniff, medicine will be released deep into the nose, causing irritation. 
  • Exhale slowly and move the head in proper position. If using the bottle, tilt the head forward. If using the canister, keep head upright.  If the spray drips down the throat’s back or from the nose, the spray container was not in proper position.

 

  • Shake the bottle or canister prior to spraying. Adjust the canister to ensure it is firmly placed in the holder.
  • If you have bought the pump bottle spray, squirt it until a spray of mist is released before using it.

 

  • Avoid blowing your nose or sneezing immediately after spraying. 
  • Clean the canister spray regularly.

 

  • Follow the physician’s prescription. Read the instruction on medicine and spray package.
  • Do not store the nasal spray under sunlight.

 

  • Do not use the spray up to two days, if you have stinging feeling in the nose, nosebleed has started or the spray is hurting the nose.
  • Nasal steroid sprays are mainly used for chronic sinusitis treatment. Some sprays are also used for acute conditions. The spray helps in reducing nose congestion and sinus inflammation. However, these sprays are not a permanent cure. Generally, the symptoms will return after stopping the application of the spray. The long-term use of the spray may cause dryness, itching, irritation and burning inside the throat and nose. It may also trigger nosebleeds, headaches and sneezing.

 

  • Nasal saline spray is an over-the-counter medication. The saline used in the spray increases moisture level, facilitating removal of infection. The saline sprays are non-addictive.

Monday, September 5, 2011

Diet Tips to Prevent and Heal Sinus Infection

Diet Tips to Prevent and Heal Sinus Infection

Be careful while planning your daily menu, as food choices may aggravate the sinus infection. Here are some useful diet tips for controlling and healing the infection.

  • Eat small frequent meals.
  • Avoid even second-hand smoke.
  • Use olive oil for cooking, as the oil keeps your intestine healthy and fit.
  • Add brown rice and other whole grains to your meals.
  • Eat lots of steamed and raw vegetables, including onions and cayenne pepper, and some fruits. One of the studies suggests that bromelain present in pineapple may heal the sinus infection. Anti-inflammatory properties of bromelain reduce swelling and inflammation.
  • Fresh vegetable juices, herbal teas, soups and other hot liquids will keep your body hydrated. Adequate fluid intake regulates mucus flow and helps in relieving sinus pressure and congestion.
  • Do not eat fast, junk and refined foods like white rice, white flour, soft drinks and sugar. Yeast, gluten and sugar substitutes present in biscuits, cakes, chocolate candies, cupcakes, doughnuts and frosting may cause sinus related problems.
  • Dairy products form thick mucus, so avoid dairy products. However, you may use yogurt made from sheep and goats’ milk. People suffering from chronic sinus infections may avoid dairy produce.
  • Use rice milk instead of dairy products.  Soy products fortified with calcium will protect against sinus infection.
  • Identify materials and products that cause allergies to you. Find out the foods for which you have poor tolerance level.  A blood test may help in identifying both allergies and food intolerances. Yeast, eggs, citrus fruits, dairy and wheat are common source of allergies.
  • You may take nutrition supplements after consulting a qualified dietician.
  • Food items rich in vitamin C have antioxidant properties. Dark green leafy vegetables, grapes and citrus fruits are good source of vitamin C.  Foods those are rich in vitamin A helps in preventing common cold, flu, sore throat and other respiratory disorders. Pumpkins and carrots are rich in vitamin A. Horseradish, garlic and onion facilitate reduction of inflammation and keep respiratory channels free of obstructions.
  • The plant pigment quercetin, an antihistamine, gives color to foods like berries, beets, celery, apples, apricots and Brussels’ sprouts. Antihistamine properties of the food help in reducing the sinuses’ inflammation.
  • Sinusitis patients doing an antibiotics course may eat yogurt, as it has probiotic lactobacillus that prevents and reduces symptoms of sinus.
  • Avoid spicy foods, as they create problems related to the throat, nose and ears. According to a theory, stomach acid’s regurgitation causes inflammation and irritation in the nasopharyngeal region. The inflammation blocks the drainage pathways, a symptom of sinusitis.