Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Types of Rhinitis

Nasal inflammations, rhinitis, can take various forms depending on the symptom triggers, severity of the symptoms and time period for which the symptoms last. Read on to know more about different types of rhinitis:

Allergic rhinitis is also referred to as hay fever, which is seasonal. During fall, spring and summer seasons, the fever is common. People with sensitive immune system are prone to hay fever on inhaling dust, grass, mold spores, pollens, trees and other outdoor allergens. Release of antibody during the fever produces mucus and causes swelling and itching. Common symptoms of the fever include stuffy or runny nose, sneezing and watery eyes. The rhinitis is the most common form of allergy related disorders.

Infectious rhinitis caused by bacterial or viral infection includes bacterial sinusitis and common cold lasting more than one week. Thick yellow-green color nasal discharge increases and nasal congestion causes problems.

Hormonal changes trigger hormonal rhinitis. The disorder generally occurs during hypothyroidism, menses, puberty and pregnancy. Nasal congestion reaches a significant level.

Mechanical obstruction, a form of rhinitis, creates one-sided nasal obstruction. Enlarged adenoids and deviated septum are peculiar features of the disorder.

Non-allergic rhinitis means runny nose which is not because of allergy. It could be inflammatory and non-inflammatory. Not much is known about this type of rhinitis. The symptoms may resemble to that of allergic rhinitis. Nasal polyps may be associated with this ailment.

Ozena, primary atrophic rhinitis, is a chronic nasal disorder. Bone resorption, mucosal atrophy, nasal obstruction, strong fetid odor, thick crusts and anosmia are characteristic to the rhinitis.



Persistent rhinitis is a form of rhinitis that persists for a long-period of time. The symptoms may come and go in some cases. The symptoms are present on all days but not for the whole day in other cases. The symptom severity may vary from patient to patient. Persistent rhinitis may be allergic or non-allergic.

Cocaine consumption for recreation and over use of decongestant nasal sprays may cause rhinitis medicamentosa. Postnasal drip and nasal congestion are common symptoms of the disease. Rhinitis sicca is a form of rhinitis in which nose’s mucus membrane becomes extremely dry.

Vasomotor rhinitis is an example of non-allergic non-inflammatory rhinitis, but some times patients of allergic rhinitis may also suffer from vasomotor. Dust, fumes, strong smells- perfumes, smokes, emotional upsets, fluctuations in humidity and temperature and other non-allergic objects and conditions trigger vasomotor. The common symptoms of the rhinitis include postnasal drip and nasal congestion.

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